MASLOW’S NEEDS THEORY AND ITS ANALYSIS
Maslow’s Need Theory
According to Abraham Maslow’s
hierarchy of needs theory
, one of the most widely known theories of
motivation, individual needs form a five-level hierarchy.
1. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs from the most basic to the highest.
a. Physiological needs
are basic and include needs for food, water, and
b. Safety needs
pertain to the desire to be safe, secure and free
to our existence.
c. Belongingness needs
involve the desire to affiliate with and be accepted
d. Esteem needs
are related to the two-pronged desire to have a
self-image and to have our contributions valued and appreciated by
e. Self-actualization needs
pertain to the requirement of developing our
capabilities and reaching our full potential.
2. Needs at one level do not have to be completely fulfilled before the
3. As needs on one level are fulfilled, they cease to act as motivators
develops to fulfill needs at the next level.
4. Recent studies have raised questions as to whether the hierarchical
Maslow’s theory is applicable to everyone and whether there might be
five levels of needs.
Analysis and Weakness of Theory
1. Five levels of need are not always present.
2. Order of needs and hierarchy may not be the same for all employees.
3. There are certainly cultural differences which the theory did not
4. Analyzing the theory in country and cultural context, for example in
China, the hierarchy of needs
found was different than Maslow’s theory.