NEW MEDIA IN MASS COMMUNICATION
NEW MEDIA IN MASS COMMUNICATION
New Media is a term
that describes traditional forms of media that have been transformed by
advancements in digital technology and digital computing.
The distinction between "New Media" and Old media is sometimes
perceived to be a difficult one to make,
because new media does not so much represent an entirely new
creation, but the re-conceptualization of a
current, an most likely popular source of information in a newly
digital format. This relationship of old to
new media is concerned with transformations of the apparatus
(social machine) of language, from more
basic forms of oral communication to the establishment of
literacy, and from literacy to the digital
adaptation of speech. New Media must therefore be understood
within the context of not only established
institutional practices, but also within the processes by which
institutions establish their public and private
identities as well.
What is classed as New Media?
• Web Sites including
• Electronic kiosks
• Virtual worlds
• Interactive Television
• Internet Telephony
• Hypertext Fiction
Technology forcing changes
Newspapers were settled in their own way of communication by the
start of the 20th
came radio, and people were able to get news quicker than print
media, the newspapers turned more
interpretative. When TV tried to outplay radio by showing images
of distant event, radio started working
hard on new formats of music, light discussion and telling jokes
(FM style). Now, to compete with internet
TV is going for high-definition technology to display things in
digital formats at the same time.
Since the Internet was transformed into a mass medium, around
the mid-90s, journalists and media
theoreticians have tried to define what online journalism is.
One thing is for sure; internet is the new media
of modern times.
Unlike other media, which are greatly defined by their form
(paper, sound, picture), online media are not
clear about their form. Very conditionally we can say that their
form is limited by the computer screen or
speakers, since they also have a category of speed, unknown to
media which extend in real time and
space. This means that the instrument we use to receive
information considerably affects how it is imparted.
From end users’ perspective
A television program is the same regardless of the size of your
TV screen, just as a radio program
does not change depending on whether you are listening to it on
a transistor radio or an expensive stereo.
Newspapers are defined in the printing house and are such
regardless of who reads them and where.
Internet site must take into account both those who access it
through a high density network with screens 15 inches and larger,
as well as those who view it on the screens of their mobile
phones with a modest access speed of 9,600 bps.
The fact that more and more people are using mobile phones (how
many people do you know that do not
have them and for what reason do they not have them) means that
the information market is moving to this
side and that it is only a question of technological and social
compromise how quickly these devices will
surpass short text messages in favor of audio/video contents
broadcast in real time.
Blogs are not formal media
Internet blogs are not journalism since they do not require any
journalistic knowledge or experience
to write (create) them. Even the fact that behind the blogs
stand a journalist does not mean that the product
of his observations posted on the Internet is journalism.
Journalism is not a profession that can be done in
the privacy of one’s room; it requires a newsroom. Experience
teaches us that no good result comes out of
something which, with the exception of the author, is not
read/seen/heard before it is published/broadcast
by anyone else, or at least no one with the power to stop or
delay it being published/broadcast if necessary.
media, unfortunately, offer this
possibility. With the wholehearted help of legislation, or lack of it,
new media cultivate this jungle.
Is it really new?
An article taken from a newspaper must take into account
printing technology, which means that it
cannot be transformed, without major editorial changes, into a
form acceptable, for example, for the
Internet. This would entail significant shortening of the
article, emphasizing key words, breaking it up into
sections connected with hyperlinks (which would not have to be
written all over if they already exist on the
net). Therefore, this is a task for which there is usually not
enough time or people or resources. The result is
that what we see on the net and what we call online journalism
is actually only a projection of the old media,
with the only contribution being a technological one. Now we can
read our favorite newspapers at the other
end of the world, at almost no charge, simultaneously with
readers in the city they are published in. The
content is the same.
Old wine in new bottle
Any form of transfer of information can be used to distribute
news reports. After all, at the
beginning of the 90s major media outlets had their own Tele-fax
editions, for subscribers living far away
who had no patience for air distribution. Tele-faxes were
replaced several years ago by e-mail since they are
much more suitable and rather less expensive.
These changes in distribution have not been accompanied
sufficiently by changes in journalistic expression.
Mostly because the limitations of new technologies have not been
restraining. A long newsletter that you
receive by electronic mail is not “comfortable” to read, but
nothing prevents the author from creating it that
way and sending it out. Quite the opposite, in contrast to the
old media, the new media practically have no
spatial or time limitations, except the mentioned transfer
speed. This, instead of being an advantage,
becomes their disadvantage.
Disadvantages in the Use of New Media
While most advertising and marketing agencies have cited the use
of New Media as a positive force
in reaching new and old customers alike, a prevalent concern
amongst companies that wish to remain
competitive in today's digital markets is the rapid rate at
which new media changes, and can be changed
from any number of sources. While the new level of communication
between customers and those
providing any kind of service is generally beneficial, it also
allows for more methods by which unhappy
consumers may disproportionately voice their concerns, in
relation to their actual overall sampling size
amongst consumers as a whole.
Another negative result of the implementation of new media
advertising and marketing is generally regarded
as being cost-related. As New Media forms are almost exclusively
digital in nature, the cost of initial
establishment and then the upkeep of the equipment, resources,
and manpower needed may pose a
significant problem for smaller businesses. It has been said
that in this way, the worldwide trend towards
reliance on New Media for such means may very well be a move
towards further corporate globalization,
and the downfall of smaller businesses that can't compete with
such new technological means.