LEADERSHIP PROCESS (CONTD.)
Dear students in lecture number eight our focus is still on leadership
process. Let’s start with the
qualities of Leaders.
Qualities of Leaders:
Real leaders have certain qualities which make them different from rest of
the team members/followers.
Few of those qualities are given in the following slide.
I will try to explain all these qualities one by one.
Vision: A leader has to have some ideas about his/her organization, about
how the future could be
different. A leader requires strong sense of purpose and should be clear in
concept of collective Vision
(Organization) and recognizes what must be done and how to makes strategies for
of their vision. Clear concepts about vision can make a leader more focused and
effective. Vision about
what is happening, what needs to be done and what is coming in future.
Ability: Leaders must know about his or her Job and keep knowledge
updated and have ability
to understand information, formulate strategies, and make the decisions. If
leader fails to do all these,
employees do not respect him/her, and ultimately leader loses faith and trust.
That will be failure of a
leader. Followers always look toward leaders when making decision, when they are
in problem, or
stuck or when things are not working. They will look toward leaders. Even for
technical issues, they
will look toward leaders for solution. So a leader must have the ability to
handle all such issues.
Enthusiasm: This is also an important trait of leaders. Leaders always
create excitements, which
causes others to become interested and willing to accept the challenges. Leaders
enthusiasm in followers so that this excitement can trigger the goal oriented
actions and ultimately
followers get motivated and involved in the achievement of the organizational
Stability: Stability is another important quality of leaders. Leaders
need to be emotionally stable in
handling challenges, in decision making and during the time of pressures. During
the process of
leadership plus and minuses do come and leaders need to face them with courage
and unless they have
stability in their personality, this will become very difficult. Leaders should
possess objectivity, should
not bring personal problems to work and be emotionally stable.
Qualities of Leaders
– Concern for Others
Concern for Others: Leaders must be concerned always for their followers,
with their welfares and
don’t treat them as machines. It is always the responsibility of the leaders to
think about the welfare of
the employees. A leader must have a humble and caring attitude towards
employee/followers. So that if
he/she always puts the interest of others first, the loyalty will be built, and
ultimately the employees will
work with more devotion and commitment.
Self-Confidence: Self confidence is very important quality one should
have. For leaders this will
become even more important. All we discussed different leaders qualities above,
these are all linked
with the self concept. With self confidence, leaders can mange and handle even
difficult situations. That
is the trait/quality which is appreciated by all concerns. Successful leaders
stay calm and confident and
show confidence in their actions.
Persistence: Determination of a leader is also very important for
business success. So, a leader
should have the devotion and commitment for business and continuously motivate
the employees for
achieving the organizational goals. The outgoing approach and persistence
approach is always paying
and pushing the followers for the accomplishment of goals.
Vitality: Leaders need strength/energy and stamina. Effective leaders are
electric, vigorous, active, and
full of life, regardless of age or disability. These qualities energize
followers too. To achieve goals,
leaders need stamina, energy, health, and vigor. Same is true for followers.
Charisma: A Personality Trait. A quality that generates others’ interest
and creates followers. To
influence others, charisma plays very important role.
Integrity: The most important quality of leader is honesty, strength of
character, and courage. Leaders
need to have strong integrity. So leader must have loyal, honest with his/her
work and also with his/her
team too. It will also lead to trust and respect. Honesty, strength of
character, and courage will always
lead to trust building, creating loyalty.
What Leaders Can Influence?
Leaders influence others’ behavior, attitude and actions. They influence
mostly the work related
attitudes and behaviors of followers. The Importance of a great leader is the
development and growth of
followers. Same way Importance of a great follower is the growth of leaders.
The element of “the situation “ may be the most ambiguous aspect of the
leadership framework because
it can refer to anything form the specific task a group is engaged in all the
way to broad situation
A Brief History of Leadership
Before the 20th century leadership was the exclusive domain of royals or
military people. Following
were the focus of leadership during different time frames.
_ Key role of government
_ Leadership emphasis on public
_ Two world wars and
_ Greater emphasis on
coordination, consistency, strength and stability
_ Use of statutory authorities
_ New talent
_ Promotion by efficiency
_ Relationship with politicians
_ Organizational context
dominates follower relationships
_ More statutory authorities
and greater international focus and role
_ Indigenous and environment
_ Equal opportunity
_ Concerted emphasis on training
_ Educated work force
_ Rotation and exchange began
_ Shift in gender in the Service
_ Economic transition to
cope with economic globalization
_ Privatization, efficiency and
The Purpose of Leadership in the 21st Century is more economic empowerment and
followers. More freedoms to make decision and focus on creativity.
Globalization, merging of
businesses for sharing of resources, responsive to change and stake holders etc
are the purposes of