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Letters Writing 1


•Use letters to communicate outside your organization.

•Whereas the memorandum is the primary vehicle for communication within an organization,letters are often used to communicate to individuals outside it, especially in formal and

semiformal contexts.

Types of Letters:

•The following are some of the most common types of letters written by people in technical


–Job application letters

–Acceptance letters

–Transmittal letters

–Inquiry letters

–Technical-information letters

–Letters of recommendation

Format of a Letter:

•If your organization has a specific style for business letters, follow that format. Otherwise,

follow the guidelines provided here.

•Business letters are commonly either full-block formatted, with every line starting at the left

margin and usually a business letterhead at the top of the page, or modified-block formatted,

with the heading and the closing aligned at the center of the page.

Elements of a Letter:

•Business letters have the following elements:



–Recipient's address




–End notations


•If you are using letterhead stationery, include only the date two lines below the bottom of

the letterhead.

•Spell out the name of month.

Recipient's Address:

•Two to four lines below the date, place the following items:

•The recipient's title (such as Mr., Ms., or Dr.) and full name (address a woman who does

not have a professional title as Ms. unless you know she prefers Miss or Mrs.; if the recipient

does not have a title and you are unsure of his or her gender, omit the title).

Recipient's Address:

•The recipient's job title, if appropriate.

•The name of the company or institution, if appropriate.

•The full address, following the same format as for the address in the heading.

•The recipient's address is always aligned on the left margin.


•Place the salutation two lines below the recipient's address.

•The salutation begins with the word Dear, continues with the recipient's title and last name,

and ends with a colon.


•Start the letter two lines after the salutation. Body paragraphs should be single spaced with

a double space between paragraphs.

•Indenting the first line of each paragraph is acceptable but is more informal than the

unindented style.

Closing Phrase:

•Write a complimentary closing phrase two lines below the final body paragraph.

Yours truly, Sincerely, or Sincerely yours are common endings for professional letters.

•Capitalize the first letter of the first word of your complimentary closing, and end the

complimentary closing with a comma.

End Notations:

•At the bottom of the last page of a business letter, end notations may show who typed the

letter, whether any materials are enclosed with the letter, and who is receiving a copy of the



Enclosure: Article by Ali Bashir

Encl. (2)

Enc. (2)


cc: Dr. Maria Aalam

Mr. Waleed Usman

Job Application Letters:

•Write job application letters that identify a specific area of employment, summarize your

qualifications for the job, refer to an enclosed résumé, and request the next step of the

application process, usually an interview.

Application letters:

•Application letters are usually just one page and consist of three sections:

•–Front Matter


–End Matter

Front Matter:

•State that you are applying for a specific job title or field.

•Also mention the person who referred you or told you about the job.

•If you learned of the job from an advertisement, mention that.


•Explain specifically why you are qualified for the job.

•Describe education and work experience and any other activities that display relevant

talents, such as foreign-language proficiencies and leadership or supervisory experience.

End Matter:

•Refer to your enclosed résumé and express your desire for an interview, stating when and

where you will be available for one.

•In addition, invite further inquiries, and state how you can be contacted.

Acceptance Letters:

•Letters accepting a job not only convey information, but also establish a contractual

relationship between you and the organization or person offering you the position.

•Consequently, acceptance letters should accurately restate the key terms of employment.


•Begin the first paragraph by enthusiastically accepting the job.

•Be sure to state the exact title of the job and the salary.

•The second paragraph usually discusses details about the position, especially the date that

you will begin work.

Transmittal Letters:

•A transmittal or cover letter accompanies a larger item, usually a document.

•The transmittal letter provides the recipient with a specific context in which to place the

larger document and simultaneously gives the sender a permanent record of having sent the




– Job Application Letters

– Acceptance Letters

– Transmittal Letters

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